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Zoroastrianism: Compare and Contrast Zoroastrianism with Judaism – edulissy

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Zoroastrianism: Compare and Contrast Zoroastrianism with Judaism


Compare and Contrast Zoroastrianism with Judaism

(800 Words)


Zoroastrianism  became the national religion of the Iranian people for many centuries.  Though, the believers had been decreased by  number when  Alexander III of Macedon invaded  the Achaemenid Empire, and eventually  Islam religion was introduced in the country  from 7th century onwards.  The political power of the pre-Islamic Iranian dynasties  paved the way for  Zoroastrianism immense prestige in ancient times, and some of its leading doctrines were adopted by other religious systems.  Modern period has already introduced   new  religious beliefs and influences that   greatly influence  on  people’s  beliefs, practices, values and perceptions, but still associated with  the traditional belief  and faith.

Zoroastrianism is a religion and philosophy   that formulated through the  teachings of prophet Zoroaster  also known as Zarathustra in Avestan.   This is also considered one of the largest religions in the world, which founded  before  the 6th century  BCE in Greater Iran. In this type of religion, the believers have their own Creator named Ahura Mazda who is all good  and  no evil have distinct sources.  The term “druj” means evil  which tries to destroy the creation of Mazda (asha), which  in contrast, tries to  sustain the good  distinct sources.  Mazda is believed  not immanent in this world. Hence,  his creation is represented by the Amesha Spentas and Yazatas.  Through them, works of God are evidently  revealed  to humanity, as well as the worship of Mazda. Majority of the written  works about Zoroastrianism are with Avesta.  But,  the important part of it has been lost, and only liturgical  portion has been survived all through this time.  The lost works have been  known and  recalled through  references and several brief quotations in the  succeeding religious works from 9th century up to 11th centuries. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoroastrianism )



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoroastrianism )

Zoroastrianism    differs from  Judaism  in terms of their belief that there is only one God  and Creator to be worshiped in the earth.  For the people who believe in Zoroastrianism, for them, there is only  one universal and  transcendent  God, and that is in the presence of  Ahura Mazda. On the other hand,  in Judaism religion, believers  have direct faith in God. However,  Zoroastrianism is similar to Judaism in terms of  principles in how to   live in accordance to what is  right.  Relatively, the Judaism principles are not far from the principles and beliefs of  Zoroastrianism such as  Zoroastrians  believe that truth and order must always prevail among people, and chaos and killings must be prohibited strictly  in every society, so as  to  falsehood and  disorderliness are only results of  “druj” or evil acts.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoroastrianism )

Hence, there are many  religion states  as well in Iran  and some other parts of the globe that  actively  participate.  Because they also believe that it is necessary to  ensure  happiness  and peaceful living  among people of the God they believe in.  Free will of the people is the core element of  Zoroastrianism which really oppose the concept of  monasticism. This religion strongly believe that  the universe will come to a point that has to undergo a total renovation.  And, the believers strongly believe that the entire  universe  will vanish in the final renovation.  Then,  only  people with good souls, and even the dead  good souls will return into life together with a  born-again  world.  Moreover, in Zoroastrianism,   there are major elements  of ritual purity, the  water or (apo), and  fire or (atar).  In  Zoroastrian  cosmogony y, water and fire are respectively the second and last primeval elements  that  were created, and they are  both  considered life-sustaining elements  in the universe. Same as  both water and fire are represented within the precinct of a  fire temple.  As a traditional belief and customs,  Zoroastrians normally pray  with some form of fire  as their guiding light.  While water is used during  the  culminating rite of the principle act of worship. Because water is considered the source of wisdom, and fire is considered the medium  through which spiritual sensibility and wisdom gained by believers  while praying to their God.

(http://judaism.about.com/ )

Majority of the Iranians  do not allow  conversion of   some  Iranians into another religion within their country.   However,  like many other faiths,  Zoroastrians are strongly encouraged to marry others of the same faith by  other religious sectors in the society.  In Zoroastrian tradition, life  is only temporary state that people should not  loved  the material world the most. Instead, they must prepare themselves into  living their lives in the spiritual dimension in the other world.  Consequently, Zoroastrianism believes also  for the  “safe” disposal of   dead bodies. This has been practiced only in Zoroastrian communities in the Indian regions. . Other  modern Zoroastrian communities   practice cremation on their dead.  Sometimes, they prefer  to bury the dead body in a tomb. (http://judaism.about.com/ )