Lab 3: Type inference and disjoint union types solution

$30.00

Description

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# Introduction: Goals for this lab

+ Apply your knowledge of OCaml types and type inference to diagnose

type error messages and predict expression types

+ Apply your knowledge of user-defined types and value constructors to

define a new OCaml data type and write some functions that

manipulate this type.

1. Types and Type Inference

The file `lab3_types.ml` contains four function definitions involving

polymorphic types. Some of them contain mistakes that may cause them

to give type errors or fail to yield the type the programmer probably

intended. For each definition, in the comment, give what you think

the programmer intended for the type of the function and what the actual

type of the function is, or what type error you think compiling the

definition might yield. (You may feel free to `#use` the file in

`utop` to find out what OCaml actually thinks the type is after your

guess). Then give your explanation of *why* the function has this

type, along the lines of our discussion of type inference in last

Wednesday’s lecture. Finally, fix the definition so that it has the intended type.

The fourth definition involves a restriction on OCaml definitions that

requires each use of an identifier in its binding expression to have

the same type, and not merely compatible types.

2. `number`

Add a file named `number.ml` to the lab3 directory of your team

repository. This is where you’ll write the answers for this question.

Declare a `number` type and some constants

The first step of this problem is to declare a new union type,

`number`, that should have two value constructors: one that takes an

`int` as its value and one that takes a `float`. Make sure that your

type declaration compiles correctly.

Now add let declarations binding two names – `z1` and `z2` to `number` values that

hold `int`s and let declarations binding two names – `r1` and `r2` – to `number` values

that hold `float`s.

`number` conversions

Now that we have succesfully declared the type, let’s add three

conversion functions:

+ `to_int : number -> int option` should take argument `n : number`,

and if `n` holds an integer `i` should evaluate to `Some i`,

otherwise it should evaluate to `None`.

+ `to_float : number -> float option` should take argument `n :

number` and if `n` holds a float `x`, should evaluate to `Some x`,

otherwise it should evaluate to `None`.

+ `float_of_number : number -> float` should _coerce_ the value it

holds to a floating point value. Recall that the function

`float_of_int : int -> float` can be used to coerce an `int` to a

`float` in OCaml.

`number` arithmetic

Define the `number` operator `+?` with type `number ->

number -> number` that performs addition on

`number`s: if both arguments hold `int` values then the

result should also hold an `int`, while if either argument holds a

`float` value the result also holds a `float` value.

# Commit and push so that everything is up on GitHub

Now you need to just turn in your work.

Commit your changes and push them up to your central

GitHub repository.

Verify that this worked, by using your browser to see the changes on

https://github.umn.edu. Your (group or personal) repository should have both the

files `lab3/number.ml` and `lab3/lab3_types.ml`.

If you do not properly push your changes to the repository we

cannot give you credit for the lab, so please remember to do this

step!

__This concludes lab 3.__

Note that any required changes must exist in your repository on

github.umn.edu. Doing the work but failing to push those changes

to your central repository will mean that we cannot see your work

and hence can’t grade it.


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