# Assignment 3 Solution

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## Description

1. (6 points) This question is designed to test your understanding of pointer arithmetic. Suppose SIZE is symbolic constant with value 100 (#define SIZE 100). If the declaration is

char a[SIZE], *p=a;
int i;

(Notice that I am deliberately using an array of chars because each char is stored in one byte), I want to fill the array in a very simple way.

for (i = 0; i < SIZE; i++)

a[i] = i;

Now consider

printf( “%d\n”, *(p+3) );

printf( “%d\n”, *(char *)((int *)p+3) );

printf( “%d\n”, *(char *)((double *)p+3) );

printf( “%d\n”, *(char *)((long double *)p+3) );

What is printed? Well, the answer is actually system-dependent. Here you are asked to put the code above (and some additional code, if necessary) into a piece of C program, run it on your computer, and fill up the following chart with outputs your program produces:

 Code Output sizeof(char) 1 sizeof(int) 4 sizeof(double) 8 sizeof(long double) 16 printf( “%d\n”, *(p+3) ); 3 printf( “%d\n”, *(char *)((int *)p+3) ); 12 printf( “%d\n”, *(char *)((double *)p+3) ); 24 printf( “%d\n”, *(char *)((long double *)p+3) ); 48

Next, imagine your program is being executed on a different system that has char, int, double, and long double of different sizes as shown in the following chart. Fill up the rest of the chart.

 Code Output sizeof(char) 1 sizeof(int) 2 sizeof(double) 16 sizeof(long double) 32 printf( “%d\n”, *(p+3) ); 3 printf( “%d\n”, *(char *)((int *)p+3) ); 6 printf( “%d\n”, *(char *)((double *)p+3) ); 48 printf( “%d\n”, *(char *)((long double *)p+3) ); 96

1. (17 points) A stack is a data structure in which only the top element can be accessed in the FILO fashion.
You job is to complete the skeleton program c in attachment such that basic operations like push() and pop() can be carried out on the stack created in main().  Finish main() to test your functions. See detailed instructions in stack.c.

What to turn in?

Create a tarball file by the name of cs3335_a3_yourlastname.tar that includes

• A PDF file by the name of pdf that contains your answer to question 1.
• The completed source code file c for question 2.

Submit the tar ball file through BlazeVIEW by the due time.

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