Description
Four datasets (Iris, YeastGene, Example, Utilities) can be found on Piazza. In each dataset, each row corresponds to an object and each column corresponds to an attribute. The attribute values are commaseparated. You don’t need to do normalization for any of the datasets.
The initial centroids to be used in Kmeans for Iris and YeastGene datasets are provided. In each file, each row denotes the initial centroid of a cluster.
In this assignment, you are asked to implement Kmeans algorithm and Agglomerative algorithm (using Min to define intercluster distance). Templates (kmeans_template.py, hierarchical_template.py) are for Python 3.
In kmeans_template.py, you are asked to fill in two functions: assignCluster and getCentroid. In assignCluster, each object is assigned to the cluster whose centroid is the closest to the object, based on Euclidean distance. In getCentroid, cluster centroids are updated based on current assignment.
In hierarchical_template.py, you are asked to fill in merge_cluster and update_distance. In merge_cluster, you need to merge two closest clusters. In update_distance, you need to update the distance matrix after the merging using Min as the intercluster distance.
You cannot directly call a function or package that implements Kmeans algorithm and Agglomerative algorithm. You need to implement these algorithms by yourself. If you are not sure about whether it is OK to use a certain function, please post your question on Piazza.
Please take the following steps:

Implement Kmeans algorithm as follows:
Repeat T times:
For each object xi



Calculate Euclidean distance between xi and each of the K centroids





Assign xi to the cluster whose centroid is the closest to xi For each cluster





Calculate its centroid as the mean of all the objects in that cluster



Implement Hierarchical clustering algorithm (with Min as intercluster distance definition):
Obtain the distance matrix by computing Euclidean distance between each pair of objects
Let each object be a cluster (Assign the cluster index as 1 to N, where N is the number of objects)
Set the current index as T=N+1
Repeat



Find the smallest entry in the distance matrix—suppose the entry is ith row and jth column





Merge the clusters that correspond to the ith row and jth column of the distance matrix as a new cluster with index T





Remove the rows and columns of the two old clusters and add new row and column for the new cluster to the distance matrix by computing the distance between the new cluster and each of the remaining clusters





T=T+1


Until only one cluster remains

Test your Kmeans on Iris dataset. Use the provided initial centroids, and set the number of iterations (T) as 12, and the number of clusters (K) as 3. The final cluster centroids should be:
Cluster 1: 5.006,3.418,1.464,0.244
Cluster 2: 6.8538,3.0769,5.7154,2.0538
Cluster 3: 5.8836,2.741,4.3885,1.4344

After running the filled kmeans_template.py code file, you can obtain a data file Iris_ kmeans_cluster.csv, which contains the Iris data and the assigned clusters. Then, apply the PCA and plotting functions you used in Assignment 1 to project Iris data to 2 dimensions and draw the scatter plot. Use different colors for different clusters in the scatter plot. The plot should look like the one below:

If you get the correct final cluster centroids and the plot, then repeat steps 3 and 4 on the YeastGene dataset. Use the provided initial centroids, and set the number of iterations (T) as 7, and the number of clusters (K) as 6.

Apply Hierarchical Clustering algorithm implemented in Step 2 on the Example dataset. The order of the merging should be:
1 2 7
3 7 8
4 5 9
6 9 10
8 10 11
Each row here denotes an operation of merging two clusters to form a new cluster. The first two indices denote the clusters to be merged, and the last one denotes the index of the new cluster.

If you get the correct order in Step 6, then apply the hierarchical clustering algorithm on the Utilities dataset.

Prepare your submission. Your final submission should be a zip file named as Assignment3.zip. In the zip file, you should include:
A folder “Code”, which contains all the codes used in this assignment. You are required to fill in the template.
Report: A doc or pdf file named as Assignment3.doc or Assignment3.pdf. The report should consist of the following parts: 1) The cluster centroids obtained on YeastGene dataset after the T iterations. 2) The scatter plot obtained on YeastGene dataset after applying PCA and plotting points using different colors for different clusters. 3) The order of merging in the hierarchical clustering on the Utilities dataset. 4) The codes of your Kmeans and hierarchical clustering algorithm implementation.

Log in any CSE department server and submit your zip file as follows:
submit_cse469 Assignment3.zip
Please refer to Course Syllabus for late submission policy and academic integrity policy. We will take the submission time recorded by the server as the time of your submission. This assignment must be done independently. Running your submitted code should be able to reproduce the results in your report.