Assignment 0 Lab Training Solution

$30.00 $26.40

Description

The purpose of this lab session is to introduce you to TSO so that you

will be able to submit and run Assembly language programs throughout the

term.

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*Step One: Connect to the Marist system*

Open the Vista TN3270 emulator from the start menu.

Enter the following values in the dialog box that appears and then

select “Connect”:

*Host:* zos.kctr.marist.edu

*Port:* 1023

After you have successfully connected to the Marist system, you will see

a welcome screen with a flashing cursor. Type in “L TSO” (no quotes).

You should now be at the screen to enter your id number. This is where

you will type in the KC-id that was provided by your instructor. Press

Enter.

A new screen should appear with an option to enter your password. Your

initial password is the same as your KC-id number. After you have typed

in the initial password, tab over to the New Password option and enter a

new password. It must be _exactly_ 8 characters in length and made up of

letters and digits. Press Enter. You will then be prompted to re-enter

your new password. Do so and press Enter again.

After the 3 asterisks, type _ispfinit_ if this is the first time that

you’ve logged in to TSO or just _ispf_ if you have logged in before.

Press Enter. (You only need to do this once.)

Congratulations! You are now fully logged on to the Marist system.

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*Step Two: Create a data set to hold your programs*

Before you can start to write an Assembly language program, you must

first create a data set that will hold all of your programs. This is

what is called a “partitioned data set” or “PDS”. It is similar to a

folder or a directory in Windows or UNIX. To do this, select option 3

(Utilities) from the ISPF Primary Option Menu by typing 3 after the

Option ===>. Press Enter. You should now be at the Utility Selection

Panel. Enter option 2 (Data Set) after the Option ===>. Press Enter.

On the Data Set Utility screen, use the Tab key or the mouse to move to

the different fields:

* enter A after the Option ===> so that you can allocate a data set

* *Project:* Type in your KC-id number

* *Group:* Type in a Group Name: it can be whatever you like, but

maybe try something like CSCI360

* *Type:* Pick a library name, maybe something like ASSIGNS

Once all of the information has been entered, press Enter.

On the Allocate New Data Set screen, enter the following values:

Space Units TRKS

Primary Quantity 15

Secondary Quantity 15

Directory Blocks 12

Record Format FB

Record Length 80

Block Size 4000

Data Set Name Type PDS

Leave the other options with the default values. Press Enter. You should

now see the message “Data Set Allocated” in the upper right hand corner.

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*Step Three: Create a data set to hold your output files*

Now let’s allocate a second partitioned data set that can be used to

hold output files. On the Data Set Utility screen, again, use the Tab

key or the mouse to move to the different fields:

* enter A after the Option ===> so that you can allocate a data set

* *Project:* Type in your KC-id number (if it’s not already filled in)

* *Group:* Type in a Group Name (if it’s not already filled in, make

it the same thing as above)

* *Type:* Pick a library name, maybe something like OUTPUT

Once all of the information has been entered, press Enter.

On the Allocate New Data Set screen, enter the following values:

Space Units TRKS

Primary Quantity 15

Secondary Quantity 15

Directory Blocks 12

Record Format VB

Record Length 134

Block Size 4000

Data Set Name Type PDS

Leave the other options with the default values. Press Enter. You should

now see the message “Data Set Allocated” in the upper right hand corner.

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*Step Four: Write your program*

Before we can write the program, we have to provide a name for the file.

At the Option ===> prompt, type =2. The Edit Entry Panel screen will

appear. For Project, enter your KC-id number. For Group, enter the group

name that you used previously (CSCI360). For Type, enter the library

name that you used previously (ASSIGNS). For Member, pick a file name –

you can name your programs whatever you would like but for today, use

LAB. Press Enter.

You should now be at the editing screen. Continually press the Tab key

or use the mouse until you are to the right of the first line of ……

This is the first line of your file.

Type in the following program:

/_*NOTE:*_/ After typing the first line of the program and pressing

Enter, it’s possible that the BOTTOM OF DATA line of starts will appear.

If this happens, use the mouse and click on the line number next to the

first line (most likely 0001000), place an ‘I’ (no quotes) anywhere in

the number and press Enter, this will allow you to ‘Insert’ data.

Make sure to make the following replacements in the code:

* your_id with your KC-id number followed by a single letter

* your name with your name

//your_id JOB ,’your name’,MSGCLASS=H

//STEP1 EXEC PGM=ASSIST

//STEPLIB DD DSN=KC02293.ASSIST.LOADLIB,DISP=SHR

//SYSPRINT DD SYSOUT=*

//SYSIN DD *

********************************************

* EXAMPLE PROGRAM

*

* NAME: your name here

*

* Register Usage

*

* 2 Total

* 5 Counter

* 15 Base register

*

********************************************

MAIN CSECT

USING MAIN,15

SR 3,3 ZERO FOR TOTAL

SR 6,6 ZERO FOR COUNTER

XDUMP

BR 14

END MAIN

/*

//

The //, *, MAIN, and /* should all start in column 1. The USING, SR,

XDUMP, BR, and END should all start in column 10. The MAIN (after

USING), 3, 6, 14, and MAIN (after END) should start in column 16. Use

the space bar to line up the information. /_*Do not use TAB in mainframe

files.*_/

A common error here is to leave out the letter after your KC number in

the JOB line. The value here is called the _job name_ and must be 8

characters long. (a KC number is 7 characters long). If you do not

supply the letter, you will be asked for it later.

After the program is typed in, use the mouse to go to COMMAND ===> and

type in SAVE. Your dataset should now be saved. It is also a good idea

to get into the habit of saving your program as you type as programs get

longer.

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*Step Five: Run the program and look at the output*

To submit the file to run, type SUBMIT or SUB at the COMMAND===> . You

should see a message toward the bottom of the screen that your JOB has

been submitted. Take note of the JOB number (such as JOB01234) that is

inside of the parenthesis.

Press Enter to return to your code. You now have two options to get to

view output: 1) press the F3 button until you return to the ISPF Primary

Option menu and then select option SD (SDSF) or 2) enter =SD at the

COMMAND===> prompt and press Enter.

Type OWNER followed by your KC-id number at the COMMAND INPUT prompt.

Press Enter. /*(You only need to do this once, the first time you use

option SD.)*/ If you forget to do this, you will get a list of

everyone’s output files, not just your own.

Select option STATUS or ST. Press Enter. You should now see all of the

tasks/jobs that are owned by you.

Find the JOB number that matches the one that was displayed when the

program was submitted (usually the last one) and type S or SE to the

left of the name. Press Enter. The only difference between the two

options is that SE will allow you to edit the output file. (You seldom

want to edit it.)

The output produced by your Assembly code should now be open. To view

the output, page down until you see your code by continuously pressing

the F8 key or the Page Down key (if it works). The output of the program

will be at the end of the file. It’s two lines, both of which start with

REGS. If you don’t see the lines, something is wrong with your program

and you need to go back and make changes to your program file and repeat

the submission process.

If the output is correct, let’s save it to the OUTPUT directory that was

created earlier. If you’re still viewing the output, press F3 to return

to the job listing page.

If you want to save an output file, type XDC to the left of the file you

want to save and press Enter. On the SDSF Open Print Data Set Panel,

enter the following, making sure to use the names you chose earlier:

* Data Set Name: KC-id.CSCI360.OUTPUT

* Member to Use: whatever name you want, maybe something like LABOUT

* Disposition: OLD

Verify that the file values match what was entered earlier:

Space Units TRKS

Primary Quantity 10

Secondary Quantity 10

Record Format VB

Record Length 134

A common minor error we sometimes see here is that the Data Set Name is

shown as “KC-id.KC-id.CSCI360.OUTPUT”, that is, the KC-id is listed

twice. If this happens, fix it by deleting one of them.

Press Enter. Your output file has now been created and you should be

back at the JOB listings. The file that was created can be FTP’d to your

local machine if you would like to print it or view it with an editor on

your local machine. We’ll cover this later.

To delete an output file, put a P to the left of the job number and

follow the directions. You should make it a habit of purging your jobs

when you’re done looking at the output.

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*End the session*

Once you have finished using the Marist system, press the F3 key until

you get back to the ISPF Primary Option Menu. Press F3 once again. You

will either exit the ISPF system and see the main TSO command line, or

see the Specify Disposition of Log Data Set.

Press 2 to delete your history information about this session. The word

READY should appear in the upper left hand corner. Type LOGOFF to logoff

of the Marist system. /_*It is important that you logoff when you are

done. Don’t just close the window.*_/

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*Some TSO tidbits*

If you would like to see a list of the files that you have on your

account, from the ISPF Primary Options Menu, select option 3

(Utilities). The Utility Selection Panel should now be showing. Select

option 4 (Dslist) from the menu. Press Enter. At the DSNNAME LEVEL

field, type in your KC-id number and press Enter. You should now see a

listing of all of the files that belong to you. There should be a number

of files. Search through the list until you see the one with the names

that you entered earlier. You may have to use the F8 button to page down

if there are too many files to fit on one screen.

To edit the file, type “E” (no quotes) to the left of the file name. You

can either tab down to the file name or click with your mouse. The EDIT

Entry Panel should now be open. Press Enter. The data set is now open.

To delete the file, type “D” (no quotes) to the left of the file name

and Press Enter. The data set should have a “Deleted” message after the

name.

The ISPF environment can be very useful. You can, for instance, toggle

between two screens. There is a link from our course web page to a

tutorial.

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*FTP*

The output file and source code files from earlier can be FTP’d to your

local machine by starting any FTP program (Filezilla, mar_ftp, etc.).

Set up a connection to Marist using the information (zos.kctr.marist.edu

and KC-id number) from earlier, as well as your password. Do not change

the Port number.

For most of the FTP programs, you should see your local files on the

left side of the screen and your Marist files on the right side of the

screen. Find your output file (KC-id.CSCI360.OUTPUT will probably look

like a folder that you can click on). After clicking on the folder, you

should see a file with the same name that you entered for the “Member to

Use” option above (maybe LABOUT). Transfer the file to your local

machine by double clicking the file name or highlighting it and

selecting the Download option.

The file is now saved on your local machine and can be opened in any

editor if you would like to view or print the output. This is also the

file that will be submitted to Blackboard.

Follow the same process to get your source code file.

You can also use FTP to send a file in the other direction. You can

write your program file at the NIU end. Save it as an absolutely plain

text file and give it a name (up to 8 characters) such as “PROG5”. Send

it to the Marist site to be a member of the PDS called ASSIGNS. You

should now be able to access it using TSO.

The mar_ftp program is a tiny text-based program which makes use of the

Windows ftp program. It has a simple menu with only a few options. It

can be used the submit a job, check on its status, and fetch the output

file. It can also be used simply to fetch the output file after you run

the job using TSO. What mar_ftp does not do is delete the output files

from your Marist account, so you will need to log on to TSO to do this

for yourself.