# Programming Assignment 10 Solution

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## Description

Instructions: This assignment consists of 2 problems, worth a total of 40 points. Solve the problems below by yourself, and put all functions in a single file called hw10.py. Use the signatures given for each class and function. We will be calling your functions with our test cases so you must use the information provided. If you have questions, ask!

Because homework files are submitted and tested electronically, the following are very important:

• You follow all naming conventions mentioned in this homework description.

• You submit the correct file, hw10.py, through Github by the due date deadline.

• You follow the example input and output formats shown.

• Regardless of how or where you develop your solutions, your programs should execute using the python3 command on CSELabs computers running the Linux operating system.

The following will result in a score reduction equal to a percentage of the total possible points:

• Incorrectly named/submitted source file, functions, or classes (20%)

• Constraints not followed (40%)

• Failure to execute due to syntax errors (30%)

Use the following template for EVERY function or method that you write that requires at least 5 lines of code. The template should appear just before the function/method. #==========================================

• Purpose: (What does the function do?)

• Input Parameter(s): (Each parameter by name and what it represents)

• Return Value(s): (What gets returned? Possibilities?) #==========================================

Problem A. (10 points) Complex Class

In this problem you need to create a class named Complex that models a complex number, numbers of the form x+yi, where x and y are real numbers, and i is the imaginary unit equal to the square root of -1. In the x+yi representation, we say that x is the real component of the complex number, and y is the imaginary component. Note that Python already has a built-in Complex class, but this makes for a good, simple example, so we’re going to make our own. Obviously, you’re not allowed to use the built-in Complex class to implement your Complex class.

Complex objects have two instance variables:

• real (a numeric value representing the real component of the complex number)

• imag (a numeric value representing the imaginary component of the complex number)

(Note: Please do not write all of these methods at once. Copy the test cases in the section below this into your hw10.py file, and uncomment a few of them at a time as you implement things: make sure that each method works before moving on to the next one. This is something you should be doing anyway but is especially important when writing long pieces of code like class definitions)

The Complex class must include the following:

• __init__(self, real, imag): A constructor with two numeric arguments (not countingself), that initialize the real and imag instance variables, respectively.

• You must have getter and setter methods for both realand imag. They should have the following signatures:

• get_real(self)

• get_imag(self)

• set_real(self, new_real)

• set_imag(self, new_imag)

• Overload the __str__(self)method so that it returns a string of the format:

<real> + <imag>i”

where <real> and <imag> represent the real and imaginary components of the complex number, respectively.

• Overload the + and * operators, so that they take in a Complex object other, and return a new Complex object representing the sum or product (respectively) of the complex numbers represented by selfand other. See the Hints section if you’re not familiar with how to add or

multiply two complex numbers. You’ll need to have the following method signatures to overload the operators:

• __mul__(self, other)

• Overload the == operator, so that it takes in a Complex object other, and returns Trueif the two objects are equal (their real components are equal, and their imaginary components are equal), or False You’ll need to have the following method signature to overload the operator:
• __eq__(self, other)

Hints:

• Review on how to add/multiply complex numbers:

• (a + bi) + (c + di) = (a + c) + (b + d)i

• (a + bi)(c + di) = (ac – bd) + (ad + bc)i

Constraints:

• Do not import/use any library modules.

• Your submission should have no code outside of class/function definitions (comments are fine).

• You are not permitted to use Python’s built-in Complex class

• Your methods must have exactly the same names and arguments as described above.

Example: Copy the following code into your hw10.py file, and uncomment lines as you write the relevant methods. What each line should print is noted in the comment on the right. You should write some additional tests of your own: this is not a very good set of tests for the number of methods this problem requires. Make sure to comment out all tests before submitting to github.

##x = Complex(2.7,3)

##y = Complex(-4,0)

##z = Complex(0,-1.5)

 ##print(x.real) # 2.7 ##print(x.get_real()) # 2.7 ##print(y.get_imag()) # 0 ##x.set_real(6) ##z.set_imag(-2.5) ##print(x.real) # 6 ##print(x) # 6 + 3i ##print(y) # -4 + 0i ##print(z) # 0 + -2.5i ##print(x+y) # 2 + 3i

 ##print(z+y+x) # 2 + 0.5i ##print(y*z) # 0.0 + 10.0i ##print(x*z) # 7.5 + -15.0i ##print(x*y+x*z) # -16.5 + -27.0i ##print(x*(y+z)) # -16.5 + -27.0i ##print(x == y) # False ##print(x*y+x*z == x*(y+z)) # True

Problem B. (30 points)  Employee Database

You work for the HR department, in the corporate headquarters of Holistic Synergies, Ltd. Your supervisor, Dr. Boss Manager III, has instructed you to “leverage our operational efficiency to create unique opportunities for strategic alliances, so that the full human resources portfolio, from data to incentives to programs and beyond, can be the most innovative across the industry, but in ways that also reflect our leading stewardship of resources and cost-effective sensibility.”

You have no idea what this means, so instead you’ve decided to make a program that processes information about the various branches of your company. Your company cuts employees with alarming frequency, so you’ve also decided to automate the decision-making process for those tasks with your program (note: this is sort of automation is ethically dubious at best, please don’t do this for any real company).

Download the CSV files contained in hw10.zip on Canvas, and place them in the same folder as your hw10.py file. Each CSV file represents one branch of the company. Note the layout of the files: the first two rows contain information about the location of the branch and the annual upkeep cost for the building (in USD) respectively. The third row is a set of column titles for the employees, and the remaining rows contain information about each employee.

You may notice that every employee is mentioned only by first name; it is against company policy to have a last name, as this “disincentivizes exceptional distillation of latent mnemonic energies into innovative crystallization”, according to your CEO. For similar reasons, it is against company policy to hire more than one person with the same first name, even across different branches.

You will need three interconnected classes for this system: one for a single employee, one for a branch, and one for the entire company. Since the information for each branch is in a file, and each line of that file (past the 3rd) is an employee, you’ll be using that information directly in your initialization of the employee and branch classes.

Employee class

The Employee class must have five instance variables:

• name is a string representing the employee’s first name (corresponding to the first column in the

CSV, from row 5 onwards)

• position is a string representing the employee’s job title (the second column)

• salary is afloating point number representing the employee’s annual salary in USD (the third column). This must be stored as a float value, not a string (use the float function), and the same applies to the next two as well.

• seniority is a floating point number representing the number of years the employee hasworked at that branch of the company (the fourth column).

• value is a floating point number representing an estimate of the average annual earnings that theemployee generates for the company (not taking into account his salary); that is, how much the

employee is worth to the company (the fifth column)

The Employee class should also have a constructor and three methods:

• The constructor must take only one parameter (other than self), a single string representing the line in the CSV file that contains the employee’s data. The constructor should parse that line using the .splitstring method to initialize all five instance variables mentioned above.

• Overload the __str__method so that it returns a string in the format

“<Name>, <Position>”

(see example below)

• net_value(self) takes in no arguments (other than self), and returns the employee’s value,minus their salary.

• Overload the < operator (__lt__) so that it takes in another Employeeobject, and returns True if the left operand (self) has a lower net_value than the right operand (other), or False

Examples: Copy the following code into your hw10.py file, and uncomment lines as you write the relevant methods. What each line should print is noted in the comment on the right. Make sure to comment out all tests before submitting to github. You may run into minor floating point rounding errors – ignore them.

##emp1 = Employee(‘Milton,Underling,310423.01,5.0,22.99\n’)

##emp2 = Employee(‘Bill,Boss,403567.34,5.0,519.35\n’)

##print(emp1.name)

##print(emp1.position)

##print(emp1.salary)

##print(emp1.seniority)

##print(emp1.value)

##print(emp1)

##print(emp1.net_value())

##print(emp2.net_value())

##print(emp1 < emp2)

##print(emp2 < emp1)

# Milton

# Underling

# 310423.01

# 5.0

# 22.99

# Milton, Underling

# -310400.02

# -403047.99

# False

# True

Branch class

The Branch class must have three instance variables:

• location is a string, representing the city in which the branch is located

• upkeep is a float, representing the annual upkeep cost of the building

• team is a list of Employee objects, representing every employee working at the branch.The Branch class should also have a constructor and four methods:

• The constructor must take only one parameter (other than self), a string representing the filename for the CSV where the branch information is stored. The constructor should then open that file, read in each line, and use that information to initialize all of the instance variables for the Branch.

• Overload the __str__method so that it returns a string containing the location of the branch, followed by the string representation of each employee (order does not matter), separated by

newlines (see example below). You must call the str() function on each Employee object to do this.

• profit(self) takes in no arguments (other than self), and returns the sum of the net values ofall of the employees in the branch, minus the upkeep of the branch.

• Overload the < operator (__lt__) so that it takes in another Branchobject, and returns True if the left operand (self) has a lower profit than the right operand (other), or False

• cut(self, num) takes in one argument:num is an integer representing the number of employees that must be cut from the branch. cut sorts the employees by their net value, and removes the lowest num Employees from the team list (see Hint below for how to do this quickly).

Hint:

• There are two built-in ways of quickly sorting lists: the sorted()function, and the .sort() list method; see https://docs.python.org/3/howto/sorting.html. The difference is that .sort() is in-place: it doesn’t return anything but will change the list to be in sorted order, while sorted() does not change the original list: sorted() creates a copy, sorts the copy, and returns it. By default, .sort() and sorted() sort objects based on their overloaded < operator (__lt__), so because we changed the behavior of < to order Employees based on their net value, you should be able to use .sort() or sorted() on a list of Employees without specifying a key function.

Examples (assumes that you are running hw10.py from the same folder as all of the CSV files in hw10.zip, which can be found on Canvas): Copy the following code into your hw10.py file, and uncomment lines as you write the relevant methods. What each line should print is noted in the comment on the right, or to the right and below when printing entire branches (don’t uncomment the lines starting with #### since those are supposed to remain comments). Make sure to comment out all tests before submitting to github. You may run into minor floating point rounding errors – ignore them. Remember, the order in which the employees are listed does not matter when printing out a Branch object.

##branch2 = Branch(‘branch2.csv’)

##print(branch2.location) #Pawnee

##print(branch2.upkeep) #98229.98 ##print()

##

##print(branch2)

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Pawnee

Ron, Efficiency Logistics Strategist

Leslie, Creative Evolution Strategist

Ann, Data Evolution Engineer

Mark, Operational Services Specialist

Tom, Creative Logistics Coordinator

April, Enterprise Services Consultant

Andy, Creative Logistics Specialist

Jerry, Enterprise Services Technician

 #### Donna, Operational Innovation Engineer ## ##print() ##branch2.cut(7) ##print(branch2) #### Pawnee #### Leslie, Creative Evolution Strategist #### Ann, Data Evolution Engineer ## ##print() ##print(branch2.profit()) #12577.81 ##branch1 = Branch(‘branch1.csv’) ##print(branch1.upkeep) #57867.07 ## ##print() ##print(branch1) #### Scranton #### Dwight, Efficiency Evolution Specialist #### Jim, Data Innovation Specialist #### Pam, Operational Analytics Technician #### Ryan, Data Evolution Consultant #### Stanley, Efficiency Logistics Technician #### Michael, Enterprise Communications Technician #### Kevin, Operational Services Technician #### Meredith, Data Evolution Technician #### Angela, Enterprise Communications Consultant #### Oscar, Creative Innovation Coordinator #### Phyllis, Enterprise Analytics Technician ##branch1.cut(8) ## ##print() ##print(branch1) #### Scranton #### Pam, Operational Analytics Technician #### Michael, Enterprise Communications Technician #### Stanley, Efficiency Logistics Technician

Company class

The Company class must have two instance variables:

• name is a string, representing the name of the company

• branches is a list ofBranch objects, representing all of the branches associated with the

company

The Company class should also have a constructor and two methods:

• The constructor must take two parameters (other than self): a string representing the name of the

company, and a list of Branch objects, representing the branches of the company: it should use this information to initialize the two instance variables.

• Overload the __str__method so that it returns the company name, followed by the string representation of each branch (in no particular order), separated by two newlines (so one empty line between each branch). See the example below for details.

• synergize(self) takes in no arguments (other than self), and implements the company’sultimate HR strategy: find the branch with the lowest profit margin and cut half (rounded down) of the employees from that branch.

Constraints:

• Do not import/use any Python modules.

• Don’t use the input() function, as this will break our grading scripts.

• You may use any string or list method that is appropriate to solving this problem.

• Your submission should have no code outside of the function definitions (comments are fine).

Examples: Copy the following code into your hw10.py file, and uncomment lines as you write the relevant methods. What each line should print is noted in the comment on the right, or to the right and below when printing entire branches (don’t uncomment the lines starting with #### since those are supposed to remain comments). Make sure to comment out all tests before submitting to github. You may run into minor floating point rounding errors – ignore them. Remember, the order in which the branches are listed does not matter when printing out a Company object.

##b1 = Branch(‘branch1.csv’)

##b2 = Branch(‘branch2.csv’)

##b3 = Branch(‘branch3.csv’)

##b4 = Branch(‘branch4.csv’)

##hs = Company(‘Synergistic Management Solutions’,[b1,b2,b3,b4])

##print(hs.name) #Synergistic Management Solutions

##print()

##print(hs)

####

Synergistic Management Solutions

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Scranton

Dwight, Efficiency Evolution Specialist

Jim, Data Innovation Specialist

Pam, Operational Analytics Technician

Ryan, Data Evolution Consultant

Stanley, Efficiency Logistics Technician

Michael, Enterprise Communications Technician

####

####

####

####

####Kevin, Operational Services Technician

Meredith, Data Evolution Technician

Angela, Enterprise Communications Consultant

Oscar, Creative Innovation Coordinator

Phyllis, Enterprise Analytics Technician

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Pawnee

Ron, Efficiency Logistics Strategist

Leslie, Creative Evolution Strategist

Ann, Data Evolution Engineer

Mark, Operational Services Specialist

Tom, Creative Logistics Coordinator

April, Enterprise Services Consultant

Andy, Creative Logistics Specialist

Jerry, Enterprise Services Technician

Donna, Operational Innovation Engineer

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Greendale

Britta, Enterprise Services Coordinator

Abed, Operational Services Strategist

Troy, Efficiency Innovation Coordinator

Annie, Efficiency Innovation Consultant

Shirley, Enterprise Innovation Engineer

Pierce, Enterprise Evolution Specialist

Ben, Enterprise Communications Consultant

Jeff, Brand Logistics Specialist

Craig, Enterprise Communications Engineer

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Ambiguous

J.D., Efficiency Analytics Coordinator

Turk, Efficiency Innovation Technician

Elliot, Data Innovation Specialist

Perry, Efficiency Evolution Technician

Bob, Enterprise Logistics Engineer

Carla, Brand Services Technician

Janitor, Efficiency Evolution Coordinator

##print()

##hs.synergize()

##print()

##print(hs)

####

Synergistic Management Solutions

####

####

Greendale

####

####

####

####

####

Ben, Enterprise Communications Consultant Craig, Enterprise Communications Engineer Britta, Enterprise Services Coordinator Pierce, Enterprise Evolution Specialist Jeff, Brand Logistics Specialist

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Pawnee

Ron, Efficiency Logistics Strategist

Leslie, Creative Evolution Strategist

Ann, Data Evolution Engineer

Mark, Operational Services Specialist

Tom, Creative Logistics Coordinator

April, Enterprise Services Consultant

Andy, Creative Logistics Specialist

Jerry, Enterprise Services Technician

Donna, Operational Innovation Engineer

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Scranton

Dwight, Efficiency Evolution Specialist

Jim, Data Innovation Specialist

Pam, Operational Analytics Technician

Ryan, Data Evolution Consultant

Stanley, Efficiency Logistics Technician

Michael, Enterprise Communications Technician

Kevin, Operational Services Technician

Meredith, Data Evolution Technician

Angela, Enterprise Communications Consultant

Oscar, Creative Innovation Coordinator

Phyllis, Enterprise Analytics Technician

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Ambiguous

J.D., Efficiency Analytics Coordinator

Turk, Efficiency Innovation Technician

Elliot, Data Innovation Specialist

Perry, Efficiency Evolution Technician

Bob, Enterprise Logistics Engineer

Carla, Brand Services Technician

Janitor, Efficiency Evolution Coordinator

##print()

##hs.synergize()

##print()

##print(hs)

####

Synergistic Management Solutions

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Pawnee

Jerry, Enterprise Services Technician

Ron, Efficiency Logistics Strategist

Andy, Creative Logistics Specialist

Leslie, Creative Evolution Strategist

Ann, Data Evolution Engineer

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Scranton

Dwight, Efficiency Evolution Specialist

Jim, Data Innovation Specialist

Pam, Operational Analytics Technician

Ryan, Data Evolution Consultant

Stanley, Efficiency Logistics Technician

Michael, Enterprise Communications Technician

Kevin, Operational Services Technician

Meredith, Data Evolution Technician

Angela, Enterprise Communications Consultant

Oscar, Creative Innovation Coordinator

Phyllis, Enterprise Analytics Technician

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Ambiguous

J.D., Efficiency Analytics Coordinator

Turk, Efficiency Innovation Technician

Elliot, Data Innovation Specialist

Perry, Efficiency Evolution Technician

Bob, Enterprise Logistics Engineer

Carla, Brand Services Technician

Janitor, Efficiency Evolution Coordinator

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Greendale

Ben, Enterprise Communications Consultant

Craig, Enterprise Communications Engineer

Britta, Enterprise Services Coordinator

Pierce, Enterprise Evolution Specialist

Jeff, Brand Logistics Specialist

##print()

##hs.synergize()

##print()

##print(hs)

####

####

####

Scranton

Meredith, Data Evolution Technician

Kevin, Operational Services Technician

####

####

####

####

Phyllis, Enterprise Analytics Technician Pam, Operational Analytics Technician Michael, Enterprise Communications Technician Stanley, Efficiency Logistics Technician

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Ambiguous

J.D., Efficiency Analytics Coordinator

Turk, Efficiency Innovation Technician

Elliot, Data Innovation Specialist

Perry, Efficiency Evolution Technician

Bob, Enterprise Logistics Engineer

Carla, Brand Services Technician

Janitor, Efficiency Evolution Coordinator

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Greendale

Ben, Enterprise Communications Consultant

Craig, Enterprise Communications Engineer

Britta, Enterprise Services Coordinator

Pierce, Enterprise Evolution Specialist

Jeff, Brand Logistics Specialist

####

####

####

####

####

####

####

Pawnee

Jerry, Enterprise Services Technician

Ron, Efficiency Logistics Strategist

Andy, Creative Logistics Specialist

Leslie, Creative Evolution Strategist

Ann, Data Evolution Engineer