# Assignment 02 Solution

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## Description

1. Implement Shellsort which reverts to insertion sort. (Use the increment
sequence 7, 3, 1). Create a plot for the total number of comparisons made
in the sorting the data for both cases (insertion sort phase and shell sort
phase). Explain why Shellshort is more effective than Insertion sort in
this case. Also, discuss results for the relative (physical wall clock)
time taken when using (i) Shellsort that reverts to insertions sort, (ii)
Shellsort all the way.

2. The Kendall Tau distance is a variant of the “number of inversions”. It is
defined as the number of pairs that are in different order in two
permutations. Write an efficient program that computes the Kendall Tau
distance in less than quadratic time on average. Plot your results and
discuss.

[Use the dataset linked after Q4. Note: data0.* for convenience is an
ordered set of numbers (in powers of two). data1.* are shuffled data sets
of sizes (as given by “*”).]

3. Implement the two versions of MergeSort that we discussed in class. Create
a table or a plot for the total number of comparisons to sort the data
(using data set here) for both cases. Discuss (i) relative number of
operations, (ii) relative (physical wall clock) time taken.

4. Create a data set of 8192 entries which has in the following order: 1024
repeats of 1, 2048 repeats of 11, 4096 repeats of 111 and 1024 repeats of
1111. Write a sort algorithm that you think will sort this set “most”
effectively. Explain why you think so.

Data Set for Questions above:

5. Implement Quicksort using median-of-three to determine the partition
element. Compare the performance of Quicksort with the Mergesort
implementation and dataset from Q3. Is there any noticable difference when
you use N=7 as the cut-off to insertion sort. Experiment if there is any
value of “cut-off to insertion” at which the performance inverts.

6. Extra Points: View the following Data Set here. The column on the left is
the original input of strings to be sorted or shuffled; the column on the
extreme right are the string in sorted order; the other columns are the
contents at some intermediate step during one of the 8 algorithms listed
below.  Match up each algorithm under the corresponding column. Use each
algorithm exactly once: (1) Knuth shuffle (2) Selection sort(3) Insertion
sort (4) Mergesort(top-down)(5) Mergesort (bottom-up) (6) Quicksort
(standard, no shuffle) (7) Quicksort (3-way, no shuffle) (8) Heapsort.

Location of data for Q6: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1tQgg5IKLzS3OiVEznu2rrnW83Qw1lwHO/view?usp=sharing

Please note: Your explanations to any question should be 2-4 sentences, and
no more. Save Electrons! 🙂